Home > Curiosities / Curiosidades > The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) / Proceso de Kimberley

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) / Proceso de Kimberley

 

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is a certification system designed to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the diamond market. Was prepared to try to assure customers that they were not financing war and human rights abuses with the purchase of diamonds. Between 99% and 97% of the diamond market takes place between countries that are part of the plan.

The KPCS emerged from a meeting of the diamond producing states in Kimberley South Africa, South Africa in May 2000. In December 2000 the United Nations drafted a resolution for the creation of a certification system to guarantee that the diamonds had been sold to fund civil wars. In November 2002, the KPCS was agreed between producer and diamond buyers and companies engaged in the production of diamonds, De Beers highlighting and World Diamond Council.

Operation

For a country to participate must ensure:

1.What any diamond originating from the country does not finance a rebel group or other entity that has as its goal the removal of a government recognized by the United Nations.

2.What is exported each diamond comes accompanied with a certificate guaranteeing that complies with the Kimberley Process.

3.What no diamonds imported or exported to a country that is not part of the plan.

This simple three-step plan is to ensure a “chain” of countries negotiating exclusively with diamonds that are not conflict diamonds.

In 2004, the Congo was expelled certification system because it was unable to prove the origin of their diamonds. For countries economically dependent on the export of diamonds, this is a substantial punishment because he can not sell their diamonds with much of the rest of the world.

See official website: http://www.kimberleyprocess.com/

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(español) The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) es un sistema de certificaciones diseñado para evitar que los diamantes conflictivos entren en el mercado de los diamantes. Se preparó para intentar garantizar a los clientes que no estaban financiando guerra ni abusos de los derechos humanos con la compra de diamantes. Entre un 99% y un 97% del mercado de diamantes tiene lugar entre países que forman parte del plan.

El KPCS surgió de una reunión de los estados productores de diamantes de sur África en Kimberley, Sudáfrica en mayo del 2000. En diciembre del 2000 las Naciones Unidas elaboró una resolución para la creación de un sistema de certificación que garantizara que los diamantes no habían sido vendidos para financiar guerras civiles. En Noviembre del 2002 el KPCS se pactó entre los países productores y compradores de diamantes y compañías que se dedicaban a la producción de diamantes, destacando De Beers y World Diamond Council.

Funcionamiento

Para que un país pueda participar debe asegurar:

1.Que cualquier diamante originario del país no financia un grupo rebelde u otra entidad que tenga como objetivo la destitución de un gobierno reconocido por las Naciones Unidas.

2.Que cada diamante que se exporte venga acompañado con un certificado que garantice que cumple con el Proceso de Kimberley.

3.Que no haya diamantes importados o exportados a un país que no forme parte del plan.

Este sencillo plan de tres pasos es para asegurar una “cadena” de países que negocien exclusivamente con diamantes que no sean diamantes conflictivos.

En 2004, El Congo fue expulsado del sistema de certificación debido a que fue incapaz de probar el origen de sus diamantes. Para países económicamente dependientes de la exportación de diamantes, este es un castigo sustancial ya que le impide vender sus diamantes con una gran parte del resto del mundo.

Ver página oficial: http://www.kimberleyprocess.com/

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