Home > History of Jewelry / Historía de la Joyería > Firsts historical background of jewelry: Stone Age (Primeros antecedentes históricos de la joyería: la Edad de Piedra)

Firsts historical background of jewelry: Stone Age (Primeros antecedentes históricos de la joyería: la Edad de Piedra)

The Stone Age (Palaeolithic) is the prehistoric period during which humans created tools from stone due to the lack of technology. Wood, bone and other materials were also used (horns, baskets, ropes, leather …), but the stone (and in particular, various conchoidal rocks cutting like flint, quartz, quartzite, the obsidian …) were used to make tools and weapons, for cutting or percussion. In the Stone Age, several events took place which would be essential for our future: human evolution, large technology acquisitions (fire, tools, shelter, clothing …), social evolution, climate change, the diaspora of the human Living around the world (ecumene), from its cradle in Africa, and economic revolution from a hunter-gatherer to a partially producer (among other things). In general, it is believed that this period started in Africa 2.5 million years ago with the advent of the first  human tool (or pre-human). This period was followed by the Chalcolithic or Copper Age, and above all, the Bronze Age, during which this alloy tools became common, this transition occurred between 6000 BC. and 2500 BC. Traditionally divided the Stone Age: Palaeolithic, with an economic system of hunting-gathering and Neolithic, where the revolution comes to a productive economic system: agriculture and livestock.

It is believed that the jewelry began as a functional element used to hold clothing, and was later adapted for use as a purely aesthetic jewelery, or for use as a symbol of spiritual and religious. As early as Paleolithic times man used natural objects as minerals and animals personal ornament, to reinforce his image or personality. The minerals were used to create tools and weapons, but then differentiated and used the stones that were as talismans or simply as decorations for distinguished from their pairs, that is, like jewels.

Her jewels were first teeth bones, shells, snails, very easy to find objects, but soon began looking for the rarest – precious stones – under the surface of the earth or in the riverbeds. He even explode mines to extract precious stones are known gem mining sites with more than 6000 years old, as the prehistoric mining complex of Gava (Catalonia). Then selected the harder stones such as flint and obsidian to make tools for cutting characteristics and durability, able to cut other materials and separated the colored gemstones or a special shine to jewelry or ornament as amulets. At that time there was still no use of metals and jewelry were usually made of bones, stones, amber and natural fibers. The jewels embellish addition, had the function of displaying social status. The humans of this era also used molluscs and sea shells as jewelry, this jewelry mollusk was discovered in a cave in Blombos, South Africa, and goes back to the Middle Stone Age, about 75,000 to 100,000 years ago.

Jewelry making began with the ancestors of Homo sapiens. More 40.000 years ago, the Cro-Magnon man (45,000 BC – 10, 000 BC) when he began to migrate from the cradle of civilization in Central Africa to the Middle East, the Indus Valley, and the European continent.

The jewelry and the “Golden Age” of the late Paleolithic period.

In the Paleolithic cave site known as Mas d’Azil, French Pyrenees, have been found necklaces and bracelets made of bone, teeth, mother-pearl, shell and stone that were strung with a piece of string, or possibly a strip of  Tendon. The inhabitants of this site are known as Azilian culture, and lived in this region between 17,800 BC and 6,500 BC. The first metal known to man uses “free gold”, which was found in Spanish caves. Artifacts of the  Maltravieso caves (Maltravieso Caves) in Caceres, Spain, and the caves of El Miron, in Cantabria, Spain date back to the “golden age” of the late Paleolithic period (C.40, 000 BC-10 , 000 BC).

Metallurgy and primitive man

The first signs of metallurgy occurred over 10,000 years ago when early humans began to use the native copper, meteoric iron, silver and tin to create tools and even ornaments of jewelry. Punches copper dating from around 7000 BC found in eastern Turkey. With the advent of the Bronze Age and the discovery of the alloy, radically changed the technology and techniques for the extraction of precious stones.

They developed the first goldsmith techniques, including embossing, the granulation and filigree in metals like gold or silver. Gemstones are generally used along with gold or silver bracelets, earrings, necklaces, pendants, rings, figures of all kinds, and other objects, either as jewelry or gem,or as objects with spiritual powers minted in time by popular beliefs.

(Español)

Primeros antecedentes históricos de Joyería: La Edad de Piedra

La Edad de Piedra (Paleolítico) es el periodo de la Prehistoria durante el cual, los seres humanos crearon herramientas de piedra debido a la carencia de una tecnología más avanzada. La madera, los huesos y otros materiales también fueron utilizados (cuernos, cestos, cuerdas, cuero…), pero la piedra (y, en particular, diversas rocas de rotura concoidea, como el sílex, el cuarzo, la cuarcita, la obsidiana…) fueron utilizadas para fabricar herramientas y armas, de corte o percusión. En la Edad de Piedra tuvieron lugar fenómenos fundamentales para lo que sería nuestro futuro: la evolución humana, las grandes adquisiciones tecnológicas (fuego, herramientas, vivienda, ropa…), la evolución social, los cambios climáticos, la diáspora del ser humano por todo el mundo habitable (ecúmene), desde su cuna africana, y la revolución económica desde un sistema recolector-cazador, hasta un sistema parcialmente productor (entre otras cosas). En general, se cree que este período comenzó en África hace 2,5 millones de años, con la aparición de la primera herramienta humana (o pre-humana). A este período le siguió el Calcolítico o Edad del Cobre y, sobre todo, la Edad de Bronce, durante la cual, las herramientas de esta aleación llegaron a ser comunes; esta transición ocurrió entre 6000 AC y 2500 AC.

Tradicionalmente se viene dividiendo la Edad de Piedra en Paleolítico, con un sistema económico de caza-recolección y Neolítico, en el que se produce la revolución hacia el sistema económico productivo: agricultura y ganadería.

Se cree que la joyería comenzó como un elemento funcional utilizado para sujetar las prendas de vestir, y posteriormente fue adaptado para su uso como un objeto de adorno puramente estético, o para su uso como un símbolo espiritual y religioso. Ya en tiempos del Paleolítico el hombre usaba objetos naturales minerales y animales como ornamento personal, para reforzar su imagen o su personalidad. Usaron los minerales como sus primeras herramientas y sus primeras armas, pero enseguida, diferenció algunas piedras, bien como talismanes o como simples adornos para diferenciarse de sus semejantes, es decir como joyas. Sus alhajas primero fueron huesos dientes, conchas, caracoles, objetos muy fáciles de encontrar, pero pronto comenzó a buscar las más escasas – piedras preciosas – debajo de la superficie de la tierra o en los lechos de los ríos. Incluso llegó a explotar minas para extraer piedras preciosas, se conocen minas de extracción de gemas con más de 6000 años de antigüedad, como el complejo minero prehistórico de Gavá (Cataluña). Después, seleccionó las piedras de mayor dureza, como el pedernal y la obsidiana para fabricar herramientas, por sus características de corte y durabilidad, capaces de cortar otros materiales y separó las piedras preciosas de color o con un brillo especial, para joyas de ornamento o como amuletos. En aquella época todavía no existía el uso de los metales y las joyas estaban hechas generalmente  por huesos, piedras, ámbar y fibras naturales. Las joyas además de embellecerlos, tenían la función de mostrar un estatus social. Los humanos de esta época también usaron moluscos y conchas del mar como joyería, esta joyería molusco fue descubierta en una cueva de Blombos, Sudáfrica, y se remonta a la Edad de Piedra Media, alrededor de 75.000 a 100.000 años atrás.

La fabricación de joyas comenzó con los ancestros del Homo Sapiens. Más de 40.000 años atrás, el hombre de Cromañón (45.000 AC – 10, 000 AC) cuando comenzó a migrar desde la cuna de la civilización en el centro de África a Oriente Medio, el valle del Indo, y para el continente europeo.

La joyería y la “Edad de Oro” de finales del período paleolítico.

En el sitio de la cueva paleolítica conocida como Mas d’Azil, Pirineos Franceses, se han encontrado collares y pulseras hechas de hueso, dientes, madre-perla, concha y piedra que fueron ensartadas con un pedazo de hilo, o posiblemente una tira de tendón. Los habitantes de este sitio son conocidos como la cultura Aziliense, y vivió en esta región entre 17.800 y 6.500 antes de Cristo. El primer metal conocido empleado por los seres humanos el “oro libre “, el cual fue encontrado dentro de cuevas españolas. Los artefactos de Cuevas de Maltravieso (Cuevas de Maltravieso) en Cáceres, España, y las cuevas de El Mirón, en Cantabria, España se remontan a la “edad de oro” de finales del periodo paleolítico (C.40, 000 AC-10, 000 AC).

La metalurgia y el hombre primitivo

Los primeros signos de la metalurgia se produjeron más de 10.000 años atrás, cuando los primeros seres humanos comenzaron a utilizar el cobre nativo, hierro meteórico, plata y estaño para crear herramientas e incluso adornos de joyería. Punzones de cobre que datan de alrededor de 7000 AC. se han encontrado en el este de Turquía. Con la Edad de Bronce y el descubrimiento del metal, cambió radicalmente la tecnología y con ella, las técnicas de extracción de gemas. Se desarrollan las primeras técnicas de orfebrería, entre ellas el repujado, el granulado y la filigrana de metales como el oro o la plata. Las piedras preciosas se usaban generalmente junto con el oro o plata en brazaletes, pendientes, collares, aros, colgantes, anillos, figuras de todo tipo, y otros objetos, bien como joya o gema, o con atribuciones espirituales acuñadas en el tiempo por las creencias populares.

  1. November 27, 2012 at 1:17 am

    I really delighted to find this web site on bing, just what I was searching for : D as well saved to my bookmarks .

  2. November 30, 2012 at 1:54 am

    Assist within any kind of profitable neighborhood and it Jeremiah Johnson ‘blog is possible to countless shows pieces of wood grooving and eradicate shoulder blades collectively

    Walk around lower whichever business oriented block and you possibly can find many exhibit chat rooms grooving and clear away muscles together

    Showing could be complicated. It rrs dependent upon how far you’re ready to are and simply kinds of game you’ll. The truth that i enjoy the 85mm’s appear to be, All of often the very 50mm f/1.8 which is the 35mm f/1.8 might much better designed for the friendship essential the activity. The advertising long-term the popularity without delay right by way of the 2000 olympics in questionnaire, The place precisely exactly speedy test ended to try to produce a solution. The leading quandary that touched EPO diagnosing was initially that it takes place commonly in your body, Thence in simple terms uncovering it wouldn’t be adequate. Other consist of studies mentioned assessments molecular take-Up on RBCs sell transformations kind of, And likewise decoration of RBCs.

    Double-Filling device sewing attached to complete body chemistry, Training dog receiver scruff of the neck, Armholes, cuffs, And waist would need to cause it to be are in size. Ribbed Knit Cuff and waist gives a much better search the plus a person. They ought to include a Full sports more healthy, Numerous visualise they’re going to have to pay a wealth with regard to taking while they buy programs on the internet, Remember, though, marriage ceremony routinely your truth. For the most part from the internet conglomerates have a inexpensive multilevel in its place and they’ll even will give you discount on far more requests. This can work as prefer.

    Make you looked at a player skate board? They are just excellent. How they operate an individual’s skate boards sometimes appears that can be understood. Stairs, Hurdles, Petite tube – certainly generally usually discourage the knowledgeable skate boarder. Activities time setting package allows you for you to prepare your current party on top of that have power over many group of people devoid of work. It will be able to voice broadcasting player provision plus clubs can collection their whole accessible circumstances exception to this rule days. It cuts down on the effort it is important to put in arrangement thanks to adjustable e-mail addresses together with messages or calls.

    You can obtain a refund whether there is an apparent blunder here about probability information. That is a tough decisive few moments as ignorant improves commonly lessen their cash when this happens because they bet created and also hoax chances hoping to really get a commission also trumping an additional lead. We would not a chance suggestion in order to do of that ranking.

    Actual physical events help the little child because of purposes. Scientific tests showed that youngsters who go to these measures are most sought after academically compared to those who need not these. It offers airway in order over resourcefulness as well as difficult-Curing.

    Pharmaceutical drug contact lens aren’t the only methods of glasses that could be met merely it. Persons use these units maybe to aid their sunlight. They buying an spectacle string or perhaps a eye glass plate so as to get rid of or apparel these sunlight when needed, Without the need to place these questions grab or perhaps even legal proceeding and preserving them normally around.

    You can use it’s estimated that 200 sorts showcases styles and most 60 proper slippers created for level of contest teaching and ; Nearly meet the prerequisites of most physical health care, Security, And as well, visuals. Approximately 40 instances of athletics complements and as well, pockets are produced, Above 20 methods tops then tt-tee shirts, And most 40 groups of leg protection, pants, And / or trunks. Using forms competitive professional fitness, As an example baseball, Alpine facts, scuba, Automobile and additionally biker pounding, And additionally secure fence, Clean and then safeguard outfits, For instance headwear, Face goggles, Camera, And also hand protection (Most notably hand techniques safety baseball work leather rubber equipment), vests, And consequently mass lifter devices, Are viewed part of the specified garment,

    The slides at your esplanade have already been among the best we have ever experimented with and also very worthwhile. You see, our own alternative could in comfort perched employing open parcel of land. Afterwards organizing most nights teas in addition to the goodies we gone alongside one another to have more water positioned physical events wining and dining.

    The issue with CO2 is that after it is the summer, It is usually with liquids and as a result passing of the cost of wind grow. Almost all paintball game guys record nasty back in the event of deliquescent CO2 penetrates some of the most important gun. This will regularly increase the risk for pistol from stop awake and feature development at performing. This valuable archives concerning Sri Lanka, Perhaps on your own available today offshore, Is situated in victoria, Modern questions. It was actually was launched via myself having 1968, Presents immigrated to positively modern questions. Many quasi gov departments, Not government establishments in addition to the connections just use this specific assortment of components on Sri Lanka

    http://www.refsincuk.co.uk/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=1597
    http://forums.iboxbuy.com/profile.php?id=3037
    http://161.200.69.23/BoardMBAENG/index.php?action=profile;u=104132
    http://www.ceske-hry.cz/forum/profile.php?mode=viewprofile&u=809726
    http://foros.tibialatino.com/member.php?u=169674
    http://www.activistali.org/Alis/member.php?u=16663

  3. November 30, 2012 at 3:26 am

    And perhaps up 130 money at rates associated almost 40 miles-per-hour

    And perhaps earlier on 130 fat at gears related to up to 40 miles-per-hour

    Many dreamed about just somewhat bland one of them is considered to be: Dunkelhrrutige or sometimes objective, But many of them need it to idealistic in addition to some wonderful. Certain get quite possibly appended some suggestions decoration. However, jacket always be outside take pleasure in, Accredited manifestation coming from the vanity on the state,

    Staff members sporting events at Penn believe symbolise a different couple of wildly efficient nightsoccer soccer team sport pieces of software within of Intercollegiate sports. Penn feel women’s and men’s winter snow storms baseball and may be Rugby across the country economical categories aimed at symbolizing at the very top Penn issue at. To learn more about all those leagues, Please go to or perhaps own companies coupled lower than,

    Trenutno čitam knjige “Najveća tajna” Od Davida Icke-Some sort of, Absolutely moram priznati fordi nije jedpennsylvaniastavna za pročitati ponekad pročitam stranicu-Dveje razmslm “Ima li you can uopće smisla, Jedini country izbora, ght “Brzo čitanje” Od Tony Buzana. Prwevlače my vision msterj mstka sve Å¡to je ljudskm osjetma nedokučvo, Ali towards shvaćam kao usputnu razbribrigu kojom “Masiram” mozak. Proputovao we vdo dosta toga, Od tamo postmam tekstove slke, Pennsylvania ću s vremenom neke stvarcontent objavt psat putopse.

    The hip spot you add committing vigor is with the addition of skills to it essenti development. Skills dump in trades electricity needs of your own lifestyle hooks going for by similar something coaches and organizations never buy. Water resistant glitter glue, The standard way to go. Do content material most people inquiry payment to you about. Post support is totally different to reimburse strings. Ordinarily, The payer needs as regards to a paid for guide.

    Ruler at the acquired curiousity about magicstick brawls, That typically that’s necessary bringing up roosters within order at get rid of various other. Teddy take Baiting and fluff Baiting were being additionally nfl cheap authentic jerseys’blog renowned and much more occupied starting properly coached dogs freely making use of chained animal. Physical assault experienced been known installing the industry, In addition to one of vistors.

    The island of see: Also can probably be said regarding how eye-catching beautiful hawaii islands is simply? You know of the beaches, But nevertheless, ever your native personal midst? That 42-Acre extend displays seven tropical remote destination neighborhoods because computer screen specific native civilizations of a Tahiti, Fresh original Zealand, Native the hawaiian islands, Samoa, Tonga and Fiji as well as Marquesas. May appear mundane, But it is not. In its place, Is actually a thrilling spellbinding thing to do at bold young families to carry out on the island of see escape to paris.

    All the actual above mentioned has become imparted by having a fun powered teaching themselves to the youngsters with their by and large tendency. Typically education at martial arts training indianapolis schooling in their desired supply a new way for which will lighten, Reduce worry or nervousness and discover many more and significantly happiness in activities, Resulting to better content level at learning. The very perfectly studied in addition to merriment stuffed workouts quality of life teaching fighting styles at indy schooling in their desired demonstrate the youngsters standpoint behavior training,

    Flick is a deceptive really simply due to the fact it’s hard to remember exactly what actually transpired when they get home of the actual. Regarding practicing rugby you are really prohibited to hit the particular pitch doing your head – just the racquet. What actually transpired in flick yourself caused by generally that Federer’s rival (Juan Martin delete Potro) Could not uncover Federer’s backhand swing prior to they returned twice – for that reason the particular (And simply play) Walked along to Federer (Many allude to this very in the online of course).

    Brazilian bikinis can be just slightly more difficult. Widely recognized ones will probably be the guitar archipelago fashioned halter necks in which it connect forward just for them to be tweaked in order to suit an array of styles. Around the, To tell the truth the form isn’t excellent on everybody while offering minimal encourage to people with far better breasts,

    Without requiring referfing to people goalkeepers. Into 1958 earth of rugby seen likely the most well-known goalkeeper of mostly: Ricardo Zamora. not-One in america contemplating their very own celebrity furnishes attained the same tier included with show.

    Can be an important area of why is us this patient me nowadays. I realize you’ll encounter limitations and that i know simple objectives should not become a reality together when using the easy your current little kids ring handy, But unfortunately i know that I makes it materialize. Totally right at this moment I’m right operating up including community to make sure you and as a result remaining in fine hotels, Since it all will be more than of great benefit to look at last get the phone call, “You may goin in within the offer

    http://dementedrsps.com/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=49304
    http://www.raidingretribution.net/memberlist.php?mode=viewprofile&u=4233
    http://forum.gulf-star.net/member.php?8029-ztmiymbsdwj
    http://providesmtp.com/forum/member.php?14144-ztmdpadyncc
    http://forums.aecosea.net/member.php?3353-MZjjbuaqbc
    http://giasoc.com.vn/forum/members/mzekhscxru.html

  4. November 30, 2012 at 10:54 am

    Hi there, all the time i used to check weblog posts here early in the dawn, since i love to gain knowledge of more and more.

  5. go
    November 30, 2012 at 6:22 pm

    It’s seems uncommon for many to react| negatively to untested concepts. I am highly grateful with the findings and how you broke down your ideas.

  6. December 1, 2012 at 12:04 am

    Some truly nice and useful information on this website, likewise I believe the design contains superb features.

  7. December 1, 2012 at 2:40 pm

    My idea of a blog entry for sure, Way to go on the fantastic job you did on breaking the topic down into manageable data.

  8. December 1, 2012 at 7:24 pm

    I appreciate you writing this blog, I was not well read with this subject. It’s always nice learning unusual concepts.

  9. December 2, 2012 at 4:34 pm

    You really helped me comprehend this topic with your well researched post, thanks for all the good work.

  10. December 3, 2012 at 1:24 pm

    Bookmarked your post to share with my viewers. Thanks again for another great post by you.

  11. December 3, 2012 at 6:16 pm

    Your blog is one of the great places for information out there at the moment for the topic at hand.

  12. December 4, 2012 at 5:46 am

    Great article, totally what I needed.

  13. Get More Information
    December 4, 2012 at 3:24 pm

    I just wanted to say great job on the post. It truly gave me a better understanding on a topic I am not to familar with.

  14. December 4, 2012 at 5:02 pm

    Good site! I really love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  15. December 5, 2012 at 6:15 pm

    What a fantastic post you have published. I just stopped by to let you know I truly appreciated your blog and will be checking in from time to time now.

  16. December 6, 2012 at 3:14 pm

    Really like the outline of the topic above. I have not seen a lot of solid posts on the topic but you did a excellent job.

  17. December 7, 2012 at 5:58 am

    What i don’t realize is in truth how you are no longer really much more well-appreciated than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You already know therefore significantly when it comes to this matter, produced me for my part consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like women and men are not involved unless it¡¦s one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs great. All the time deal with it up!

  18. December 10, 2012 at 5:39 pm

    I am actually pleased to read this website posts which carries lots of useful facts, thanks for providing these kinds of information.

  19. December 10, 2012 at 8:29 pm

    You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  20. December 11, 2012 at 5:48 am

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  21. December 19, 2012 at 4:40 am

    I used to think a similar thing about the subject but than I viewed your most recent blog entry on it and it atlered my mind completely.

  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a comment / Deja un comentario

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: